Anti-Muslim prejudice in the West, past and present: an introduction
This collection makes a unique contribution to the study of anti-Muslim prejudice by placing the issue in both its past and present context. The essays cover historical and contemporary subjects from the eleventh century to the present day. They examine the forms that anti-Muslim prejudice takes, the historical influences on these forms, and how they relate to other forms of prejudice such as racism, anti-semitism or sexism, and indeed how anti-Muslim prejudice becomes institutionalized.
This volume looks at anti-Muslim prejudice from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, including politics, sociology, philosophy, history, international relations, law, cultural studies and comparative literature. The essays contribute to our understanding of the different levels at which anti-Muslim prejudice emerges and operates - the local, the national and the transnational – by also including case studies from a range of contexts including Britain, Europe and the US.
This book contributes to a deeper understanding of contemporary political problems and controversial topics, such as issues that focus on Muslim women: the ‘headscarf’ debates, honour killings and forced marriages. There is also analysis of media bias in the representation of Muslims and Islam, and other urgent social and political issues such as the social exclusion of European Muslims and the political mobilisation against Islam by far-right parties.
This book was published as a special issue of Patterns of Prejudice.
Maleiha Malik is Reader in Law at the School of Law, King’s College, University of London.
Muslims and the State in the Post-9/11 West
Erik Bleich (Editor)
From the terrorist attacks of 9/11 to the assassination of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh to the London transportation bombings, dramatic events of recent years have generated security concerns about Muslim communities in the West. These have added an additional layer to the tensions surrounding Muslim immigrant integration and have generated heated discussions about how governments should address such challenges. This collection assembles leading scholars to address four central themes related to the interactions between Muslims and states in contemporary Europe and North America. Its authors investigate the timing of Muslims’ emergence as a perceived security risk; they review the variety of actions undertaken in response to the new concerns; they assess the effectiveness of different kinds of policies in managing the security and social challenges that governmental actors observe; and they identify relevant Muslim sub-groups and their highly divergent views on recent developments. This book thus serves as a foundation for understanding an issue of critical importance and as a touchstone for advancing public, policy, and scholarly debate about Muslim-state interactions.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
Erik Bleich is Associate Professor of Political Science at Middlebury College in Vermont. He is the author of numerous scholarly articles on European policymaking in the areas of race, ethnicity, and religion. His book Race Politics in Britain and France: Ideas and Policymaking since the 1960s was published in 2003, and he is currently at work on a book entitled The Freedom to be Racist?
Neoconservatism and American Foreign Policy: A Critical Analysis
At the time of America’s 2003 invasion of Iraq, the term “neoconservative” was enjoying wide currency. To this day, it remains a term that engenders much debate and visceral reaction. The purpose of this book is to critically engage with a set of ideas and beliefs that define the neoconservative approach to American foreign policy, and illuminate many of the core foreign policy debates that have taken place within the United States over the past several years during the administrations of both George W. Bush and Barack Obama.
There is certainly no consensus on how neoconservatism should be defined or thought about. While authors attempt to define neoconservatism in a number of different ways, none adopt a thematic approach that can enable readers to appreciate the contributions of an intellectual community whose ideas will be forever attached to America’s decision to go to war against Iraq. This book, therefore, defines neoconservatism through the ideas and beliefs of its leading intellectual activists, casting light on the worldview of one of America’s most important and polarizing intellectual communities.
Exploring the historical significance of this ongoing movement and its impact on American foreign policy traditions, this work provides a significant contribution to the literature and will be of great interest to all scholars of foreign policy, American politics and American history.
Danny Cooper is a lecturer at Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia. His research interests include US foreign policy, international relations, and political leadership, this is his first book.
Maoism in India: Reincarnation of Ultra-Left Wing Extremism in the Twenty-First Century
Bidyut Chakrabarty & Rajat Kumar Kujur
The rise of Maoism as one of the organized political movement in India is the outcome of a historical situation. Both colonialism and the failure of the Indian state to implement land reforms more stringently in the aftermath of independence resulted in terrible sufferings of the marginalized, land-dependent, sections of society.
Through historical analysis, this book assesses the ideological articulation of the contemporary ultra-left movement in India, including Maoism which is expanding gradually in India. The author provides answers to the following issues: Is Maoism reflective of the growing disenchantment of the people in the affected areas with the state? Is it a comment on ‘the distorted development planning’ pursued by the Indian state? Is this an outcome of the processes of ‘deepening of democracy’ in India? Using Orissa as a case study, the book raises questions on India’s development strategy. The author argues that Maoism provides critical inputs for an alternative paradigm for development, relevant for ‘transitional societies’ and that it is a still a powerful ideology for the poorer parts of the world although its ideological appeal has declined internationally.
Bidyut Chakrabarty is Professor in Political Science at the University of Delhi, India. Rajat Kumar Kujur is Lecturer in Political Science at G.M. College, Sambalpur, Orissa, India.
Handbook of China’s Governance and Domestic Politics
The Handbook of China’s Governance and Domestic Politics looks at how China is governed, how its domestic political system functions and the critical issues that it currently faces. Governed by the world’s largest political party in the world’s longest-ruling Communist regime, China is undergoing a transitional period of rapid economic and social development.
(Part 1: Organizational principles, including contributions on the CCP and one-party state, state power and governance structures, and the role of the People’s Liberation Army. Part 2: Policy areas, including economics, justice, public health and social policy, education and culture, internal security, and defence and foreign affairs. Part 3: Political processes, with contributions on representation, participation, opposition, centre-local relations and nationalism. Part 4: Contemporary issues, including social change and inequality, corruption, human rights, environmental degradation, social unrest, separatism, resource shortages, media and the internet, and globalization and individualism.)
China’s governance and domestic politics also have possible major global consequences, especially in the context of China’s continued rise within the international system. This Handbook will improve understandings of the core national dynamics of this rise and, as levels of international interdependence with China increase, can offer vital insights concerning China’s domestic attributes. Gaining a better knowledge of China’s internal workings can also help readers to better appreciate the multiple and varied problems that China’s leaders will face in the coming decades. Critically, many of the core internal issues facing China also have potential external repercussions, principally in terms of rising social unrest, nationalism, environmental degradation, resource shortages and attitudes towards globalization. This book covers these issues and will help readers to fully comprehend China’s ongoing contemporary global significance.
Chris Ogden, the editor, is Lecturer in Asian Security at the University of St Andrews, United Kingdom. His research interests focus on the interplay between domestic and foreign policy influences in East Asia (primarily China) and South Asia (primarily India).